Page 9 - Management Theory 2023-2024 Edition
P. 9

www.pharmacyexam.com                                                                  Krisman

                                                  2. Health Behavior

            Health  behavior  is  an  action  taken  by  a  healthy  person  for  the  purpose  of  remaining  healthy  or  in  an
            asymptomatic state.  For example, brushing teeth, avoiding tobacco and alcohol, regular exercising, wearing a
            seat belt, etc. People engage in such behaviors for several reasons, including habit, attraction, fear or death.

            A Model of Health Behavior or Health Belief Model

            The  Health  Belief  Model  was  developed  to  give  healthcare  professions  an  idea  as  to  why  and  under  what
            conditions  people  take  preventive  health  actions  or  behaviors.  The  Health  Belief  Model  depends  on  three
            classes of variables:

            1.     The individual’s psychological state of readiness to take specific action.

            2.     The degree to which a particular course of action is believed to have a net beneficial effect in reducing
                   the health threat.

            3.     A cure to action that may trigger appropriate action when needed.

            Christensen, Fincham and Wertheimer have used the Health Belief Model to find out the patients’ compliance
            with  therapeutic  regimens.  Christensen  also  proposed  that  compliance  with  the  drug  therapy  is  a  dynamic
            process in which patients continuously reassess the decision to comply.

            Fincham and Wertheimer used the Health Belief Model to predict the patient’s initial compliance rate with drug
            prescriptions. By using this model, they categorized 69% of patients into a group that did not comply with the
            initial prescription. For example, the patient receives the prescription from the prescriber, and also drops it to a
            pharmacy, but never picks up the filled prescription from the pharmacy.

            Barriers that affect the patient’s compliance:

            1.     Cost of medications
            2.     Lack of access
            3.     Distance from the pharmacy
            4.     Transportation facilities
            5.     Psychological behavior of patients

            Wellness and Health

            Wellness is defined as an integrated method of functioning which is oriented towards maximizing the potential
            of which the individual is capable, within the environment where he or she is functioning.

            Wellness normally involves the total person. The mind, body, and spirit are inseparable and constantly interact
            to determine one’s experience and behavior.

            It is seen as one’s potential for wholeness and well-being, and is strongly influenced by personal choice and
            environmental factors.



                                                              8
   4   5   6   7   8   9   10   11   12   13   14