What is the primary sign or symptom that differentiate bulimia from anorexia? [Select All That Apply]
a. lose weight rapidly
b. eating in secret
c. frequent overeating
d. developing acid reflux
e. developing anemia
Answer: (b,c and d). According to the National Institute of Mental Health, about 0.6% of adults in the United States experienced anorexia between 2001 and 2003, compared to 0.3% who experienced bulimia.
There are essential differences between anorexia and bulimia, and it is possible for a person to have both at the same time.
People with anorexia and bulimia may fixate on weight and appearance, and they may have a distorted body image. Both conditions result in a person trying to lose weight using unhealthy strategies.
There are key differences between anorexia and bulimia. People with anorexia tend to adopt extreme diets. They may restrict their food intake to a degree that can lead to malnourishment and even death.
Some people with anorexia exercise to excess. If a person is already malnourished, this amount of exercise may cause them to faint or experience other potentially severe adverse effects. Also, a person with anorexia may vomit or take laxatives to lose weight.
The primary characteristic of bulimia is episodes of binge eating followed by 'purging.' An episode may involve overeating and later vomiting, using laxatives, or administering enemas to get rid of the calories consumed.
The primary symptom of anorexia is restricting food intake with extreme dieting. The main symptom of bulimia is compensating for episodes of overeating by trying to purge the food.
Anorexia can cause a person to:
- lose weight rapidly
- avoid meals
- eat very little at meals
- try to hide how much they eat
- have brittle hair and nails
- fixate on their weight
- develop anemia
- have constipation
- experience weakness
- experience fainting and fatigue
- stop menstruating, which doctors call amenorrhea
- develop infertility
- experience organ failure
Some signs and symptoms of bulimia include:
- frequent overeating
- eating in secret
- disappearing after meals
- having a swollen throat or neck
- developing acid reflux
- having oral health problems, such as tooth loss or broken teeth
- experiencing severe dehydration
- having electrolyte imbalances, which can cause health problems
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